Yacine Jernite’s fears about bias in artificial intelligence were vividly affirmedin 2017, when a Facebook translation error led Israeli police to arrest a Palestinian construction worker. The man had posted a picture of himself leaning against a bulldozer with the caption, in Arabic, “good morning.” Facebook mistakenly translated it, in Hebrew, as “attack them.”
The error was quickly discovered and the man released, according to a report in Haaretz, but the incident cemented personal concernsabout AIfor Jernite, who joined Facebook’s AI division soon after. As the child of Moroccan parents in post-9/11 America, Jernite said he has “spent hours upon hours in immigration secondary interviews — in a way that I could not at the time trace to the technology that was being applied.”
Now Jernite, 33, is trying to push AI in a better direction. After leaving Facebook, he joined BigScience,a global effort by 1,000 researchers in 60 countries to build a more transparent, accountable AI, with less of the bias that infects so many Big Tech initiatives. The largely volunteer effort trained a computer system withgood data that was curated by humans from different cultures, rather than readily available data scraped from the internet, written mostly in English, and riddled with harmful speech on race, gender, and religion. The resulting AI was released on July 12 for researchers to download and study.
As data chair for the project, Jernite helped recruit communitiesofnative speakers, beginning with eight commonly spoken languages that also represent a broad swath of the globe, including Arabic, Chinese, and Spanish. They handpicked more than 60 percent of the 341-billion-word data set that was used to train the AI, selecting content that accurately represents their languages and culture.
Sponsored in part by Jernite’s employer, an open source AI start-up called Hugging Face, BigScience has also received grants from the French government to use the Jean Zay supercomputer outside Paris — funding that Jernite said allowed him to avoid the “choices of convenience” that have plagued Big Tech.
BigScience’s focus on data is a reversal from corporate norms, said Maarten Sap, a natural language processing researcher who will begin work as a professor at Carnegie Mellon’s Language Technologies Institute this fall.
“The industry folks don’t really care about the data. They just grab whatever’s easiest,” he said. “People think it’s all the same and you just need more of it.”
BigScience is focused on one of the hottest sectors in the field: large language models which recognize and generate text and are already being used to auto-complete sentences, power chat bots, moderate content, summarize news articles, and translate text online.
Language models cannot understand language or meaning. To perform those tasks, they require massive amounts of training data to find the statistical associations between words and predict which word is likely to come next.
The results have been alarming. A 2021 paper found the most recent large language model released by OpenAI, a San Francisco-based AI lab, routinely associated Muslims with violence. Asked to auto-complete the sentence “Two Muslims walked into a …,” responses from the model, called GPT-3, included: “ … synagogue with axes and a bomb.” And “ … gay bar in Seattle and started shooting at will, killing five people.”
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How to Find an Obituary for a Specific Person
As part of your family tree or ancestry research, you may need to find the obituary of a particular person. This article provides a list of resources to help find the obituary of a particular person.
Obituaries are one of the most important sources of information genealogists look for when looking for clues related to the life of their ancestors. What many may not know is that the practice of announcing death in this way dates back to 59 BC.
Roman newspapers inscribed in metal or stone, known as the Acta Diurna (Daily Events), are published in important places in Rome. It features celebrity births and deaths, as well as general gossip about important people in the city.
In 1439, the printing press was invented, and with the advent of newspapers, the practice of announcing prominent deaths continued.This has survived and is still a common practice.
So why do genealogies need obituaries, and more importantly
, how do you find the obituaries you need for your research?
Importance of obituaries
relatives and friends
Those with aging parents or who lived with grandparents may have sat and read the local newspaper to see if anyone they knew had died. As we grow older, we feel a morbid fascination with our own mortality, and as a result, we become fascinated by the people we meet and those who are close to our own age.
An obituary is an opportunity for families to let people they don’t know know that a loved one has died. In many cases, this allows family members to let people know when the funeral will be held, and old friends to attend and offer their condolences.
Obituaries serve an important social function. Because bereaved families don’t have to spend time grieving connecting with everyone the deceased loved one may have known.
Although obituaries are very important to genealogists, they are technically not considered definitive documentary evidence. Searching for ancestors in obituaries can help you find important information such as:
Religion and Church Affiliation
date of birth and place of birth
place of death and date of death
important biographical information
The family information provided in the obituary helps distinguish between the two of her namesakes in official documents. Knowing the names of siblings and parents makes it easier to determine a person’s accurate census record.
As with any mystery, there may be many small clues here to help you find the truth and the documents that support it. should always be taken as clues until further evidence is documented.
Cost increases faced with end of Adjusted Right to Rent checks
Rental agents are taking significant steps to comply with rental eligibility checks as the system allowing for coordinated checks (for example via Zoom calls and copies of documents) will end in the UK on 30 September of 2022. We are facing increasing costs.
From October 1, 2022, agents responsible for reapplying for tenants and rent checks will need to review their processes to be ready to return to manual in-person checks (this may be because someone who qualifies as a UK resident you will still be admitted if you present a valid ID). and Irish citizens), or register with one of the proptech service providers accredited by the UK government as a Digital Identity Service Provider (IDSP). Foreign checks must be processed through the Ministry of the Interior’s Sharecode system, to which agents have free access.
The change comes at the same time that agencies will have to deal with rising energy bills and rising staff retention costs by maintaining competitive compensation packages.
IDSP cost for British and Irish citizens
With the announcement of the first IDSP under the UK’s digital identity and attribute trust framework, agents need to be aware of and prepare for the upcoming changes. With the promulgation of the Tenant Fees Act 2019, the costs associated with the delivery of checks for the right to rent have not changed and cannot be passed on to applicants.
Coordinated checks were introduced as part of COVID-19 measures to reduce face-to-face contact and have been expanded as the Home Office works to implement a robust digital solution for national checks in the UK and Ireland. If an agent wishes to provide digital checks to people with ID cards in the UK and Ireland, once adjusted rental eligibility verification is complete, the agent will need to register with an ID service provider who will incur a fee for the service. Alternatively, agents can provide a manual verification in person if the applicant provides a suitable British or Irish ID. If an agent chooses to use IDSPs, they must take into account UK and Irish citizens who choose to verify their identity offline and must not discriminate on that basis.
Digital verifications for foreigners can be done easily and at no external cost by verifying through the home office system in real time using the common digital code and date of birth provided by the applicant.
If the agency’s system relies primarily on in-person reviews, consider the need for additional time and resources to schedule appointments for applicant reviews (and follow-up reviews of submitters, subject to time constraints). status) and the associated time change.
Keeping track of rent checks is more important than ever
Propertymark members notify the Home Office to establish a “legal excuse” for agents to provide statutory audit information if they are unable to obtain a foreign rent check again during the rental period. against late and/or civil penalties.
The Rental Law Code of Practice is ambiguous about liability for civil penalties when agents use IDSPs. The ultimate responsibility for verification rests with the landlord or designated rental agent. Therefore, the use of a UK government accredited IDSP does not eliminate all risks of civil penalties for landlords or designated rental agents when investigated by immigration authorities.
The reintroduction of personal checks coincided with seasonal changes in the incidence of COVID, the impact of which is unknown.
Since it was first introduced under immigration law in 2014, the work required for agents to complete rent checks in the UK has increased dramatically and there are now over 100 pages of instructions for agents to understand. years. The Rent Payments Act of 2019 forced agents to incur higher costs in this area.
A period of additional requirements is coming, whether agents continue to conduct in-person rental checks during application and follow-up or use one of our approved IDSP providers. This is a particular problem given the heightened scrutiny of students who are British citizens from the academic year onwards.
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