A small town in eastern France has been the ‘capital of French spectacles’ for more than a century.
Morez earned that title after decades of producing quality frames for the French glasses industry, which has supplied customers such as Audrey Hepburn, Sophia Loren, Nana Mouskouri and even politicians including Valéry Giscard d’Estaing.
Jura known for metal work since 16th century
It all began in 1796 when Morez blacksmith Pierre Hyacinthe Caseaux, who specialised in pin nails, was looking to diversify, and created a pair of wire bésicles (spectacles).
A few years later, he hired a small team and started producing more than 3,500 lunettes annually, selling them in France and Switzerland.
It was a new awakening for the Jura area, which had been renowned for its metalwork since the 16th century.
Very light frames, nicknamed lunettes fils (wire glasses) or lunettes cheveux (hair glasses), became a speciality, as well as pince-nez, the glasses favoured by US president Theodore Roosevelt.
They are named after the French word pincer – literally, pinch the nose.
From 1826 to 1848, production in Morez increased from 3,000 pairs of glasses to 720,000 and reached 11 million pairs at the end of the century.
Manufacturing of glasses became so crucial to the area that specific training has been available since 1854.
Originally focused on making watches, the Ecole Pratique d’industrie de Morez, which developed into the Lycée Victor Bérard, still offers an education in optical and micro-mechanical tradition.
Today, between 8.5 and 12 million pairs of glasses are manufactured each year in factories based in Jura.
The Lunetiers du Jura is a collective of 29 industrial and commercial members (977 employees), specialising in all the skills related to the production of French eyewear. The network claims that more than 2,000 new models are developed in the region each year, and it produces more than 10 million glasses annually, half of which are exported worldwide.
This makes Jura the world’s sixth-largest exporter of spectacle frames.
Museum tells story of Morez
The Musée de la lunette in Morez, opened in 2003, celebrates the town’s historic industry.
María de Mota, spokeswoman for the museum, said: “It is the only museum of glasses in France. It is almost the only one in Europe [there is just one other, in Italy].
“One part is about the industrial history of Morez, because it was the centre of the production of glasses in France and then in Europe during the 19th and the first part of the 20th century.
“And then we have a second part, which is really interesting: one of the best collections of glasses and optical objects.”
There is also an eclectic range of exhibitions, including a donation from ophthalmic optics expert Jean-Pierre Bonnac, a collection of 85 paintings donated by François-Honoré Jourdain, and historic machines and equipment.
“The most popular is the Pierre Marly Collection. It is important all over the world,” says Ms de Mota.
It includes 2,500 objects – 300 of which are on display – celebrating the work of a very special French optician.
Pierre Marly changed glasses forever
“Pierre Marly was a self-taught man, and it was by chance that he became a celebrated eyewear designer,” says Gilbert Marly, his son.
After a career in the military, Pierre worked as an optician. He was passionate about the profession and became technical director at Lissac, Paris’s first major optician shop.
“In 1948, he got his diplome d’opticien and had only one idea in mind,” says his son – “to transform glasses from functional visual aids into fashion accessories”.
Pierre became a stylist to the stars, designing several models for his famous clientele.
Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, he was responsible for some of the most striking frames to grace magazine covers and red carpets.
“In the press, Pierre Marly was known as le couturier des lunettes, or l’opticien qui habille les yeux du Tout-Paris,” says his son.
French quality is best
Now in the third generation, the Pierre Marly family business offers made-to-measure glasses in acetate or – staying true to the brand – rarer materials such as tortoiseshell or buffalo horn.
The shop has been at 50 rue François 1er, Paris, not far from the Champs-Elysées, since 1956.
“We intend to stay here as long as possible,” says Gilbert.
“As far as eyewear is concerned, historically in France, glasses are made in the Jura region.
“Today, in the face of foreign competition (Italian, Asian, etc), French manufacturing remains one of the best in terms of quality.”
Eyewear businesses based elsewhere in France, such as Lafont or Nathalie Blanc, also trust manufacturers in the Jura region for their savoir-faire and good reputation.
Rescue bid for historic maker
Maison Bourgeat is considered one of the oldest eyewear manufacturers in France, having made nearly three million frames in Morez since 1879.
It was recently rescued by optician Harry Bessis.
“I was looking for something different,” Mr Bessis said.
“Something that could have meaning and value. I also wanted to diversify my shops.
“I then found Maison Bourgeat, which was in receivership, as were most of the former workshops in the Jura. I did not hesitate for a second and launched myself into the adventure.”
Since then, the going has not always been smooth.
“Covid hit us hard as we opened four shops in late 2019, early 2020.
“I was afraid that the adventure would end. I then brought in three private partners who realised how lucky we were to have a 200-year-old treasure like this to develop and internationalise,” he says.
As far as possible, Mr Bessis is staying true to the business’s roots.
“All our frames are made in our Jura workshops – the Haute Lunetterie, our Muse range (affordable made-to-measure), and our limited series.”
The firm also works exclusively with Hoya, the world’s second-largest glass manufacturer, which makes its lenses in France.
While Japanese-owned, Hoya has a base in Emerainville, near Paris. It employs more than 150 people and makes nearly 2,000 lenses every day.
Historic workshop restored
Mr Bessis has also refurbished all the Jura workshop’s original metal fabrication machines, has hired new employees, and added a full acetate production facility.
“We want as many people as possible to see these machines in operation, which are unique in the world,” he explains.
“Morez is the cradle of eyewear worldwide.
“Maison Bourgeat is one of the most historic and one of the last two bicentenary-old businesses here. It has never relocated production in its entire history.
“As far as the industrial part is concerned, we would like to open our doors to young designers or groups of opticians wishing to develop their own collections, with our know-how and using authentic machines and artisanal methods that are otherwise going to be lost.”
Exploring the Mystique: Night Cloaked Deck
A night cloaked deck carries an enigmatic allure, a veil of mystery draped over its wooden expanse. As shadows dance and moonlight cascades, it transforms into an ethereal stage for solitude, contemplation, or revelry. Delving into the secrets and stories concealed within this nocturnal realm unveils an intriguing journey.
The night cloaked deck beckons, shrouded in darkness, yet holding a unique charm. Each step across its boards whispers tales of mystique, inviting exploration into its nuanced beauty. Let’s embark on a guided tour through this intriguing domain.
Night Cloaked Charm
The night cloaked deck, an extension of the home, possesses a unique allure. Its charm lies in the interplay of darkness and subtle illumination, creating an ambiance unlike any other. Imagine the quietude enveloping this space, offering solace and a canvas for myriad emotions.
Under the soft glow of moonlight, the deck transforms into a sanctuary of serenity. Its wooden slats, bathed in silver hues, create an enchanting environment for relaxation or intimate conversations. Embracing the tranquility of these moments becomes a captivating experience.
The night cloaked deck amplifies the sensory experience, engaging not just sight but also sound and smell. The rustle of leaves, the gentle breeze, and the scent of nighttime blooms contribute to a symphony of nature, enhancing the ambiance.
Occasionally, the night cloaked deck becomes a stage for inexplicable occurrences. From rustling unseen presences to the flicker of distant lights, inexplicable encounters add to its mystique, leaving occupants in awe of the unknown.
The obscurity of the night invites contemplation and sparks creativity. Writers find inspiration, artists capture ethereal scenes, and dreamers weave tales under the night’s shroud, drawing from the mysterious allure of the deck.
As nightfall descends, the deck becomes a mirror to one’s thoughts and emotions. It’s a space for introspection, where the silence echoes personal reflections, fostering a deeper connection with oneself and the surrounding world.
The night cloaked deck serves as a bridge between the earthly and celestial realms. Stargazers find solace in celestial observations, connecting with the cosmos while grounded on this earthly platform, blurring the boundaries between the mundane and the divine.
Shadows cast by the night cloak hold their own secrets, dancing to the rhythm of the night. Their movements create an ever-shifting landscape, enticing occupants to interpret and derive meaning from their elusive whispers.
Engaging in conversations on the night cloaked deck feels otherworldly. Discussions under the vast expanse of the night sky infuse a sense of profundity, fostering dialogues that transcend the ordinary, tapping into deeper realms of thought.
In the midnight hours, the deck becomes a confidant, witnessing personal revelations and epiphanies. It’s a space where individuals confront their truths, finding solace in the silent embrace of the night.
Unveiling the Night Cloaked Deck
At first glance, the Night Cloaked Deck appears as a symphony of darkness woven into each card. However, beneath this mysterious facade lies a rich tapestry of symbolism and storytelling. Each card whispers tales of ancient wisdom, drawing inspiration from esoteric knowledge and mythological narratives.
The Intriguing Origins
Understanding the Night Cloaked Deck requires delving into its origins. Legends trace its genesis to clandestine circles of mystics in medieval Europe. It is said that these cards were crafted by secretive artisans who infused them with hidden meanings, often serving as a conduit for divination and introspection.
Decoding the Symbolism
The Moonlit Arcana: The Night Cloaked Deck’s symbolism thrives in the shadows. The moonlit arcana carries the essence of the deck, depicting celestial bodies, nocturnal creatures, and veiled figures. Each card whispers ancient wisdom, offering insights into the unknown realms of the subconscious.
Encoded within the intricate designs are esoteric encryptions, a cipher that reveals itself to the initiated. Symbols intertwine, forming a language that transcends the ordinary, inviting the seeker to unravel profound truths hidden within.
The Allure of Interpretation
Interpreting the Night Cloaked Deck transcends mere divination; it’s an art form that requires intuition and understanding. Each draw tells a unique story, a narrative shaped by the symbiotic dance between the seeker’s energy and the cards’ enigmatic messages.
The Unraveling of Mystery
Unveiling the secrets of the Night Cloaked Deck requires patience, reverence, and a willingness to embrace the unknown. Its enigma beckons those who dare to embark on a journey of self-discovery and introspection.
Embracing the Night Cloaked Wisdom
In a world often cloaked in the mundane, the Night Cloaked Deck emerges as a beacon of mystery and enlightenment. Embrace its whispers, decode its symbolism, and unravel the profound mysteries it holds within.
Journey into the Shadows
The Night Cloaked Deck isn’t just a collection of cards; it’s a gateway to a realm where mystery and wisdom converge. Each shuffle, each draw, is an invitation to embark on a transformative journey, guiding seekers through the labyrinth of the subconscious.
The Final Revelation
In a universe brimming with enigmas, the Night Cloaked Deck stands as a testament to the eternal pursuit of knowledge and enlightenment. Its cryptic allure remains an eternal beacon, guiding those who seek to navigate the shadows and embrace the profound revelations within.
- Is a night cloaked deck suitable for all weather conditions? Yes, but regular maintenance is crucial to withstand different weather elements.
- How can I enhance the ambiance of my night cloaked deck? Adding soft lighting, comfortable seating, and potted plants can elevate its charm.
- Are there safety measures to consider for a night cloaked deck? Ensuring sturdy construction, proper railing, and adequate lighting are essential for safety.
- Can a night cloaked deck affect property value? A well-designed and maintained deck can potentially increase property value.
- What materials are ideal for a night cloaked deck? Durable wood, composite materials, or treated lumber are commonly used for decks.
- How can I protect my night cloaked deck from environmental damage? Regular cleaning, sealing, and timely repairs help protect the deck from wear and tear.
- Is it advisable to use the night cloaked deck during extreme weather conditions? It’s safer to avoid the deck during severe weather conditions to prevent accidents.
- Can I personalize my night cloaked deck? Yes, adding personal touches like decor, furniture, and color schemes can personalize the space.
- Does the size of the deck impact its overall allure? While size matters, optimizing the space and its functionality play a significant role in its appeal.
- How do I maintain the tranquility of the night cloaked deck? Regular upkeep, minimizing clutter, and creating a serene atmosphere contribute to maintaining its tranquility.
A night cloaked deck embodies an otherworldly charm, weaving together elements of mystery, tranquility, and inspiration. As it stands silently under the cover of night, it offers a canvas for personal introspection, creative pursuits, and serene moments, becoming a cherished sanctuary within one’s home.
The allure of this nocturnal domain lies not just in its physical presence but in the stories, inspirations, and connections it fosters, making it an integral part of life’s journey under the night sky.
A Beginner’s Guide to Renting a Luxury Cottage For The Holidays
Holidays offer an excellent opportunity to unwind and connect with family and friends. While high-end hotels sometimes feel impersonal, a luxury cottage rental can provide a more authentic and comfortable experience.
Plenty of lavish cottages are available for rent, but weighing various aspects before settling on the ideal one for your getaway is essential. This guide is tailored for beginners looking to spend their holiday in a luxurious cottage.
1. Check Legal Complications
When selecting a luxury cottage, examining its legal aspects is crucial. Many luxury cottages offered for rental have a lease or rental agreement with a set time limit, which safeguards both parties. If you plan on renting a luxury cottage, it’s essential to have this agreement reviewed and validated by a qualified attorney before signing it.
Within the rental agreement, check for details such as the names and addresses of the parties involved, the monetary amount, and the duration of the lease. Pay close attention to the specific time frame the agreement is valid.
2. Ask for Specifics ASAP
Once you’ve assembled a list of potential luxury cottages cornwall, initiating communication with the property owners is essential for a hassle-free booking experience. Start by sending inquiries and being candid about your questions, apprehensions, and expectations. Receiving a similar level of openness from the owner is key to creating a mutual understanding.
Inquire about amenities, house rules, guest capacity, and other pertinent details. This will help dispel any uncertainties and supply crucial information before you confirm your reservation. Clear communication and shared comprehension with the property owner is vital for a smooth luxury cottage vacation.
3. Consider the Location
When an oceanfront vista is a non-negotiable requirement, and the property listing explicitly indicates its location is several blocks from the shore, it’s best not to reserve that particular accommodation.
Similarly, if you desire to be close to a bar, but the property is in a rural area many miles away, you can’t later complain if it’s as described. Don’t assume that something will be available unless it is specifically listed in the description. For instance, parking space is often essential for guests, but unless mentioned in the listing, don’t assume a private parking spot will be offered.
4. Security-related Issues
Take note of all possible entry and exit points, and if necessary, ask the landlord to secure certain areas and provide you with shared locks. Ensure that no duplicate keys are available without you knowing about them.
5. Book in Advance
Luxury cottages often fill up a year in advance due to returning guests. Start your search as early as possible to secure your preferred dates and location, especially if you have limited flexibility.
Once you’ve found the ideal rental property, familiarize yourself with cancellation policies, pet guidelines, check-in/check-out times, and any additional fees before booking. Using a specialized service, you can typically reserve a cottage online. Remember that prices for high-demand periods tend to increase as the dates approach.
6. Look at Reviews
Reviewing past guests can offer a good idea of what to expect during your stay. However, one or two high ratings should not deter you as it indicates honest feedback. Multiple negative reviews, particularly mentioning issues with cleanliness or a discrepancy between the description and actual rental, should raise a red flag.
Checking the rental’s social media accounts is a smart move to gain an understanding of the owner as well as read comments from past guests.
Holidays Are Better When Renting a Luxury Cottage
Renting a luxury cottage is often more enjoyable than reserving a hotel room. A luxury cottage has essential amenities, including well-equipped kitchens, to ensure a cozy stay. This alternative presents greater convenience and practicality than a traditional hotel room.
A Beginner’s Guide to Purchasing a Caravan
Purchasing a caravan home opens up many possibilities, such as road trips and going to many new places. However, since you are purchasing a caravan for the first time, it can be tedious. Also, you might be worried that the caravan you might end up with won’t meet your standards. In this article, you’ll learn how to purchase your first caravan and ensure it’s the one that meets your criteria.
What to Determine in Buying Your First Caravan?
It can be easy to get carried away in your desire to go out on a road trip in a caravan. But you’ll need to control those urges first because you’ll need to consider some factors before purchasing a caravan for your camping or road trip. Here are the determiners in buying your first caravan:
Do A Little Research First
Researching new and used caravan online dealers will help you narrow down your options for a caravan. Check the reviews of their previous customers as it should tip whether the dealers you will meet are legit or not worth your time and money.
An alternative method here is to be on the lookout for announcements about caravan and motorhome shows near you. These events can help you find the ideal caravan.
Have A Set Budget
To further narrow down your options in buying a caravan, you will need to come up with a rough estimate of how much you are willing to spend for a caravan. Invest in additional expenses such as repairs and peripherals, and give your caravan insurance. Make sure that the expenses are within the boundaries of your budget.
Here’s a little tip, some caravans are sold alongside their many amenities. If you’ve managed to stumble upon one – you might want to purchase it since all of the features you wanted in your caravan are already there. No more additional expenses to buy them yourself. However, you’d want to check whether the caravan’s dealer has a positive reputation.
Factor in The Size and The Towing Weight
Knowing the weight of your car is the next factor in purchasing a caravan, as it will be the one pulling the caravan. You must identify your car’s gross vehicle weight (GVM) or maximum authorized mass (MAM), expressed in kilograms, to see the type of caravans it can tow along the road.
By determining the maximum weight your car can take, you can determine what size of caravan you will need.
Take A Look at The Caravans
Once you’ve settled on a budget, know how much weight your car can pull, and researched the dealers near you, it’s time to visit and see the caravans in person. Look for caravans that are of high quality yet reasonably priced.
Check every corner of the caravan that you intend to purchase. Make sure that everything inside the caravan is working as intended. No faulty power systems, the engine’s well-maintained, and no sign of dampness inside.
Scrutinizing every corner of the caravan is crucial, especially if you’re purchasing a second-hand caravan. As said, ensure everything works properly because faulty power and gas leaks can pose a serious problem during your road trip.
Buy A Caravan For Your Dream Road Trip!
Now that you’ve learned how to purchase your first Caravan, you’d want to follow these steps for a worthwhile purchase. To recap, know your dealers, factor in your car’s pull weight, determine your budget, and check the caravan you intend to buy. Once you’ve finally purchased the caravan you’ve wanted, you’re all set to hit the road and camp somewhere with friends or family.
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