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Two centuries of French glasses, from functional to high fashion

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A small town in eastern France has been the ‘capital of French spectacles’ for more than a century. 

Morez earned that title after decades of producing quality frames for the French glasses industry, which has supplied customers such as Audrey Hepburn, Sophia Loren, Nana Mouskouri and even politicians including Valéry Giscard d’Estaing. 

Jura known for metal work since 16th century

It all began in 1796 when Morez blacksmith Pierre Hyacinthe Caseaux, who specialised in pin nails, was looking to diversify, and created a pair of wire bésicles (spectacles). 

A few years later, he hired a small team and started producing more than 3,500 lunettes annually, selling them in France and Switzerland.

It was a new awakening for the Jura area, which had been renowned for its metalwork since the 16th century.

Very light frames, nicknamed lunettes fils (wire glasses) or lunettes cheveux (hair glasses), became a speciality, as well as pince-nez, the glasses favoured by US president Theodore Roosevelt. 

They are named after the French word pincer – literally, pinch the nose.

From 1826 to 1848, production in Morez increased from 3,000 pairs of glasses to 720,000 and reached 11 million pairs at the end of the century.

Manufacturing of glasses became so crucial to the area that specific training has been available since 1854. 

Originally focused on making watches, the Ecole Pratique d’industrie de Morez, which developed into the Lycée Victor Bérard, still offers an education in optical and micro-mechanical tradition.

Today, between 8.5 and 12 million pairs of glasses are manufactured each year in factories based in Jura. 

The Lunetiers du Jura is a collective of 29 industrial and commercial members (977 employees), specialising in all the skills related to the production of French eyewear. The network claims that more than 2,000 new models are developed in the region each year, and it produces more than 10 million glasses annually, half of which are exported worldwide. 

This makes Jura the world’s sixth-largest exporter of spectacle frames.

Museum tells story of Morez

The Musée de la lunette in Morez, opened in 2003, celebrates the town’s historic industry.

María de Mota, spokeswoman for the museum, said: “It is the only museum of glasses in France. It is almost the only one in Europe [there is just one other, in Italy].

“One part is about the industrial history of Morez, because it was the centre of the production of glasses in France and then in Europe during the 19th and the first part of the 20th century.

“And then we have a second part, which is really interesting: one of the best collections of glasses and optical objects.”

There is also an eclectic range of exhibitions, including a donation from ophthalmic optics expert Jean-Pierre Bonnac, a collection of 85 paintings donated by François-Honoré Jourdain, and historic machines and equipment.

 “The most popular is the Pierre Marly Collection. It is important all over the world,” says Ms de Mota.

It includes 2,500 objects – 300 of which are on display – celebrating the work of a very special French optician.

Pierre Marly changed glasses forever

“Pierre Marly was a self-taught man, and it was by chance that he became a celebrated eyewear designer,” says Gilbert Marly, his son. 

After a career in the military, Pierre worked as an optician. He was passionate about the profession and became technical director at Lissac, Paris’s first major optician shop. 

“In 1948, he got his diplome d’opticien and had only one idea in mind,” says his son – “to transform glasses from functional visual aids into fashion accessories”.

Pierre became a stylist to the stars, designing several models for his famous clientele. 

Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, he was responsible for some of the most striking frames to grace magazine covers and red carpets.

“In the press, Pierre Marly was known as le couturier des lunettes, or l’opticien qui habille les yeux du Tout-Paris,” says his son.

French quality is best

Now in the third generation, the Pierre Marly family business offers made-to-measure glasses in acetate or – staying true to the brand – rarer materials such as tortoiseshell or buffalo horn.

The shop has been at 50 rue François 1er, Paris, not far from the Champs-Elysées, since 1956.

“We intend to stay here as long as possible,” says Gilbert.

“As far as eyewear is concerned, historically in France, glasses are made in the Jura region.

“Today, in the face of foreign competition (Italian, Asian, etc), French manufacturing remains one of the best in terms of quality.”

Eyewear businesses based elsewhere in France, such as Lafont or Nathalie Blanc, also trust manufacturers in the Jura region for their savoir-faire and good reputation. 

Rescue bid for historic maker

Maison Bourgeat is considered one of the oldest eyewear manufacturers in France, having made nearly three million frames in Morez since 1879. 

It was recently rescued by optician Harry Bessis.

“I was looking for something different,” Mr Bessis said.

“Something that could have meaning and value. I also wanted to diversify my shops.

“I then found Maison Bourgeat, which was in receivership, as were most of the former workshops in the Jura. I did not hesitate for a second and launched myself into the adventure.”

Since then, the going has not always been smooth.

“Covid hit us hard as we opened four shops in late 2019, early 2020.

“I was afraid that the adventure would end. I then brought in three private partners who realised how lucky we were to have a 200-year-old treasure like this to develop and internationalise,” he says.

As far as possible, Mr Bessis is staying true to the business’s roots.

“All our frames are made in our Jura workshops – the Haute Lunetterie, our Muse range (affordable made-to-measure), and our limited series.”

The firm also works exclusively with Hoya, the world’s second-largest glass manufacturer, which makes its lenses in France.

While Japanese-owned, Hoya has a base in Emerainville, near Paris. It employs more than 150 people and makes nearly 2,000 lenses every day.

Historic workshop restored

Mr Bessis has also refurbished all the Jura workshop’s original metal fabrication machines, has hired new employees, and added a full acetate production facility. 

“We want as many people as possible to see these machines in operation, which are unique in the world,” he explains.

“Morez is the cradle of eyewear worldwide.

“Maison Bourgeat is one of the most historic and one of the last two bicentenary-old businesses here. It has never relocated production in its entire history.

“As far as the industrial part is concerned, we would like to open our doors to young designers or groups of opticians wishing to develop their own collections, with our know-how and using authentic machines and artisanal methods that are otherwise going to be lost.”

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The Best Recommended Resorts in Nusa Dua Bali

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The Best Recommended Resorts in Nusa Dua Bali

Nusa Dua is one of Bali’s areas built specifically for tourism in the 1970s. Since then, many luxury hotels and resorts were built everywhere in the Nusa Dua area. For those who want an exciting vacation with family or friends, there are many choices for the bali resort nusa dua .

These accommodations have luxurious facilities ranging from spas, private swimming pools, restaurants, and many more. All resorts in Nusa Dua also have sparkling white sand and calm waves as their view. What are the recommendations for the best resorts in Nusa Dua?

Best Resort Recommendations in Nusa Dua Bali

1. Laguna Resort & Spa

Staying at Laguna Resort & Spa will make you feel very comfortable. When entering the resort, you will be greeted with the sound of a gong and dancers in traditional costumes showing off their artistic talents. Laguna Resort & Spa also provides spacious rooms with large beds and luxurious bathrooms. 

Each room has a tropical garden interspersed with a lagoon pool. This resort also has gym facilities, a spa, and a sumptuous breakfast. There is also a beach bar if you want a cocktail. If you want to stay in a place that offers luxurious facilities and emphasizes local culture, pay a visit to Laguna Resort & Spa. The lodging at this resort is also not so expensive compared to other luxury hotels in Nusa Dua.

2. Resort St. Regis Bali

Located on the sand of Nusa Dua beach, St Regis is the next choice of resort for accommodation options. This resort has a traditional Balinese concept with olive green furnishings. Interestingly, you can swim in a vast lagoon from Resort St. Regis Bali, the size is three times the size of the Olympic swimming pool. 

Furthermore, this resort is also equipped with a thalassotherapy spa. Resort St. Regis Bali also provides a ‘Children’s Learning Center’ facility so parents who bring their children can leave them there. The Children’s Learning Center offers a curriculum to stimulate and entertain children while their parents enjoy the holidays.

3. Hilton Bali Resort

Hilton Bali Resort is perched on a cliff overlooking the beautiful Indian Ocean. You can see Nusa Lembongan clearly from this resort because of its location on a cliff. Hilton Bali Resort is facilitated with a family swimming pool with water slides, an outdoor playground that will make the kids happy, a spa, and a kids club. There are also gazebos and loungers on the private beach. At sunset, there is an observation tower that you and your family can visit to see the fantastic sunset views.

You can visit the lodging recommendations above for those traveling with their family and looking for the best resorts in Nusa Dua, Bali. All of them have extraordinary views with complete and luxurious facilities!

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4 Important Tips for Having a Vacation Abroad

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4 Important Tips for Having a Vacation Abroad

Are you planning to go abroad but still don’t know what to prepare? People dream of going abroad, especially to countries like America and Europe. If this is your first time going abroad, you should check the following tips!

Prepare All Important Documents

The first thing you need to do is prepare important documents. For example, passports, ID cards, visas, and international driving licenses if you are going to drive abroad. Make sure you know whether the country you are going to visit is visa-free or not. For Southeast Asian countries, the Maldives and Turkey are visa-free, so you only have to have a passport. But a visa is still needed if you want to go to South Korea, Europe, or America. Make sure to scan your document and save it in the cloud like Google Drive or iCloud. Oh, yes, remember to check your vaccination status. Because every country needs your health information.

Make Itineraries

Itinerary is important for those who want to travel abroad. The reason is holidays abroad cost a lot of money, so when you can, take advantage of it with a well-planned schedule. Research in detail the tourist destinations you want to visit. For example, what is unique in it, ticket prices, transportation to get there, to the distance from the inn you’re staying. Remember to include places to eat that you want to try. Make sure the place to eat is according to your preferences, such as halal or free of certain food allergies.

Book Tickets in Advance

When you know how long you will be on vacation with the itinerary that has been prepared, it’s time to book plane tickets and lodging. Find cheap tickets by:

  1. Using promos and discounts on travel agent applications.
  2. Comparing which price is lower and what kind of facilities you will get.
  3. Choosing accommodation that fits your budget but is still comfortable.

Oh yes, also remember to check how the pandemic situation is in the country you are going to visit. Do you have to quarantine or not? Because it will affect your itinerary and accommodation. Due to the pandemic conditions that have not fully recovered, check whether there is still Indonesia quarantine after returning from vacation.

Exchange Money and Check Your ATM Cards

Exchange your currency into the destination country’s currency, for example, yen, euros, dollars, won, and others. But remember, don’t carry too much cash because it’s also prone to theft, besides being wasteful. For the rest, you can do cashless transactions. Check your bank’s ATM card to see if it has Visa, MasterCard, or Cirrus logos. This row of stamps indicates that your bank is working with banks abroad. Or you can also use a credit card to make your transaction easier.

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Down 43%, Is This Tech Stock Worth Buying Right Now?

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Down 43%, Is This Tech Stock Worth Buying Right Now?

Skyworks Solutions (NASDAQ: SWKS) announced its fiscal 2022 fourth-quarter results (for the three months ended September 30) on November 3, and the supplier Apple’s stock price has risen 11% since then.

Skyworks beat expectations and showed solid growth at a time when smartphone sales were declining, but forecasts show the chipmaker is about to hit a bump. With that said, let’s take a closer look at the latest results from the chipmaker. Let’s take a closer look at whether the stock can sustain new momentum after losing 43% of its value in 2022.

Skyworks solutions deliver reliable results for non-mobile businesses
Skyworks’ fourth-quarter revenue increased 7% year-over-year to a record $1.4 billion. The company also reported non-GAAP (adjusted) earnings of $3.02 per share, up 15% year-over-year. Skyworks easily justified analyst estimates of $2.91 per share. For the year, the company’s revenue increased 7% to $5.5 billion and earnings rose similarly to $11.24 per share.

The strong growth of chipmakers in the fourth quarter was the result of successful diversification into new markets such as Internet of Things (IoT) and automotive, as well as relationships with major smartphone original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). Yes, it helped make up for it. Weakness in the smartphone market. space. However, it was the non-mobile business that put a lot of effort into Skyworks last quarter.
As CFO Chris Sennesael noted in the report, the company generated $500 million in revenue from broad market segments (counting chip sales for non-mobile applications like IoT), up 30% from the previous year. Last earnings conference call. Broad market companies contributed 36% of Skyworks’ revenue last quarter, up from 29% in the same period last year.

It’s also worth noting that Skyworks earned $2 billion in revenue from this segment for the entire fiscal year. That’s almost 43% more than the $1.4 billion in revenue last fiscal year. The good news is that the company’s business in a wide range of markets can maintain its momentum. This is because, as Skyworks showed in its earnings report, it is attracting new customers in high-growth niches like IoT.

“In IoT, we continue to win new customers and expand our content. We have partnered with Vodafone to launch the UK’s first WiFi 6E platform. We have launched a solution for Fi 6 hotspots.”

Skyworks also enables the deployment of O-RAN (Open Radio Access Network) and delivers record quarterly results in the high-growth automotive business niche. For example, the O-RAN market is expected to grow at an annual rate of 42% until 2030. Meanwhile, according to Mordor Intelligence, the demand for connected cars will grow by 19% per year until 2027.

These catalysts explain why Skyworks expects its broad commercial segment of the market “to be a major driver in FY23 and beyond.”

The mobile business was not in its best last quarter
Skyworks’ mobile business generated approximately $907 million in revenue last quarter (this is total revenue minus $500 million from the broader market business). By comparison, 71% of Skyworks’ $1.31 billion in revenue last year came from its mobile business, worth nearly $931 million.

Thus, the company’s mobile business, which generates most of its revenue, declined year-over-year in the most recent quarter. This is not surprising given that smartphone sales have been declining for the past five quarters. Skyworks considers Apple its biggest client, with the smartphone giant generating 58% of its revenue last year.

Last quarter, Apple shipped 48.5 million smartphones, 6.4% more than last year. However, the overall smartphone market was down 9% year-over-year. And now things could get even worse for Skyworks.

All of this explains why Skyworks management is targeting a sharp drop in sales and profits. The chipmaker expects revenue of $1.3 billion to $1.35 billion and adjusted earnings of $2.59 per share in the first quarter of fiscal 2023. These numbers show double-digit declines in both revenue and earnings compared to the last year.

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