Tech giant Apple is standing firm behind its decision to refuse a US court order to help the FBI gain access to the iPhone used by one of the shooters in last year’s mass killing in California.
Fourteen people were killed and 22 seriously injured in a shooting in San Bernardino, on December 2, 2015. The incident was declared an act of terrorism.
The FBI has an iPhone 5C belonging to one of the shooters, but it does not have the necessary security code set by the user to unlock the phone. It wants Apple to create and provide it with firmware that would allow it to bypass the security features that protect the privacy of iPhone users.
Apple CEO Tim Cook has published “A Message to Our Customers” explaining why the company is not complying with the request.
It’s a topic that has been the subject of much debate over the past few days, with supporters for both sides. Many of Apple’s tech rivals have sided with the company, though Microsoft founder Bill Gates says companies should be forced to cooperate with law enforcement agencies in terrorism investigations.
From the FBI’s perspective, the contents of the phone may provide crucial clues, evidence and possibly even contact information of other terrorists and extremists.
From Apple’s point of view, creating firmware that has a backdoor could have significant impact on the security and privacy of its customers, because the US government would then have the ability to gain access to any iPhone in its possession.
In the wrong hands, this special firmware could be used to gain access to sensitive information on any iPhone. These devices are more versatile than ever before and are likely to contain anything from email, messages and contacts, to financial and credit card information.
Understandably Apple is firmly opposing compliance with this order. Because compliance could affect its reputation and result in loss of consumer confidence. There may also be international implications; would this firmware only work on US-issued devices? How might this affect international privacy laws?
We’ve had back doors before
This wouldn’t be the first time the US government has had a back door into secure systems.
In the 1980s, the US National Security Agency (NSA) developed an algorithm called “Skipjack”. Using an encryption device called the Clipper chip, which had a built in back door, Skipjack allowed law enforcement agencies to gain access to encrypted data and was intended for use by telecommunications providers.
The chip was introduced in 1993 and met with significant backlash and low adoption. It was defunct by 1996.
And in 2013, the New York Times published a story about how an encryption algorithm, called Dual Elliptical Curve Deterministic Random Bit Generator (Dual_EC_DRBG) contained a back door for the NSA.
People who used the algorithm, which could be any organisation that had the algorithm included as part of security devices or software they acquired, such as those that utilised the RSA Security BSAFE encryption libraries, were urged to stop using it.
What now for the FBI?
What other options does the FBI have? Could there be a place for ethical hackers to attempt to break into the iPhone? Would commissioning ethical hackers for this purpose itself be ethical?
Although Apple’s iOS firmware has already undergone significant testing by both Apple and the public, it is possible that vulnerabilities still exist.
One such vulnerability, which allows hackers to bypass the lock screen using Siri, was revealed last September. Although it only provided access to contacts and photos, it demonstrates that flaws in firmware can exist. In the FBI case at hand, photos and contacts may be useful evidence.
There is also the possibility that an ethical hacker may be able to reverse engineer the firmware. Doing this is explicitly forbidden by the Apple iOS Software license agreement so the ethics of doing it would be questionable.
Could it be justified given the US government would back the effort for the sake of national safety?
Any attempt to break into the device comes with its risks. Simply trying to brute force the security code by inputting every password combination would likely result in the device being erased, so it is important to preserve the device.
It would at least be necessary to maintain the current state of the device in some way. So, if a way of duplicating the device was created, it would be possible to use a brute force attack against its copies, without affecting the original phone.
Maintaining the forensic integrity of the device and not damaging it is of the utmost importance, something that was not demonstrated when the FBI attempted to access the iCloud account of the perpetrators.
It is also necessary for Apple to be able to prove that the back door maintains the integrity of the data. If this process becomes part of any court proceeding, it is highly likely that Apple would be called upon to prove this in open court.
It must already realise this and be very concerned about having to do so, as it would expose a great deal of proprietary information that it would not want to see in the public arena.
No hacking by the FBI?
One must ask why the FBI (or US government) doesn’t already have the ability to gain access to the encrypted data. It seems likely that with the supercomputers in its arsenal, and the funding available to it, the agency can take a copy of the encrypted data and attempt to decrypt it.
Given the standard encryption on iOS devices is AES-256 (approved and used by the NSA for storing top-secret data), and the key is fused in an unreadable format to the device, the amount of time to decrypt and the costs involved are likely to be the issue.
It’s also important to consider whether there should be any automatic right for any government to be able to read (or decrypt and read) any communications or stored data.
Whenever government ministers are interviewed, they seem to start with the presumption that they have the right to do this, yet that right is not established.
So it’s probably easier and more cost effective for the US government to try to get Apple to create a back door, despite the problem of Apple refusing to do so.
Creating this precedent would allow this process to be repeatable and to occur whenever the US government required. Perhaps Apple doesn’t want the same fate as Clipper and Dual_EC_DRBG.
Tria Beauty Hair Removal Laser Precision Review 2022 [Is It Worth It?]
Everyone wants to have a clean glowing face but not everyone can afford the cost of expensive treatments. That’s why laser hair removal devices are getting so popular with time. Hair removal by laser is cost effective and can be done by anyone at the comfort of home. Tria precision is one of the most popular laser hair devices and in this post we will be reviewing the available models in the market and help you in choosing the right one that works the best your skin and hair.
You could be either of these: you have already made your mind to buy Tria precision or Tria 4x. You are tired and not satisfied with your last device and so looking for a new option. In both cases, Tria precision review is an appropriate choice. Everyone has given it high star rating on Amazon and many a times dermatologists themselves have suggested this device for people who wish to get rid of hair permanently.
Tria Beauty Precision System
Tria Beauty precision was created keeping in mind that many people use the device at sensitive parts of their body. The earlier version Tria 4x was an instant hit among people which is why Tria created the precision system that has great features and is also very compact yet ergonomic. We understand it doesn’t look good to have a moustache or hair across the chin. There are many who would love this device as now it can be used with ease over sensitive areas.
Unboxing Tria Beauty Precision
Once you unbox tria beauty precision, you will notice the compact design which is very user friendly. You will hear a beep and that means it’s now active. To begin the process, you need to place the device over your skin so that it can sense the skin tone and adjust itself accordingly. This way it will unlock itself. This process enables safety and is one of the USPs of Tria Beauty Precision.
The device has three settings of treatment represented by little dots. You can overlap areas wherever you see there are missing patches. In the chart below, you can see the treatment setting for the particular skin color.
Benefits of Tria Precision for Face & Beauty
As we mentioned earlier, Tria precision has been made keeping in mind the application at sensitive areas. This is one of the reasons why the device has a small treatment area. Unlike the laser treatment where you have to devote a lot of your time to go out and get it done, Tria precision works quickly. When using the device, always make sure to wear safety glasses. You might also be interested in knowing the best facial epilators if you are looking for options specially for your face.
Tria Hair Removal – Quick Results
If you opt for a proper hair removal treatment, it will cost you time and money. With Tria hair removal laser precision, you can do everything quickly. You can use the device once every two weeks. For better results, we recommend you keep using it monthly to see a visible difference. Usually, you will have to regularly use it for 3 months before getting to see major differences.
1. Small treatment window
2. Portable and lightweight
3. Slim and ergonomic
What areas can you treat with Tria Hair Removal Laser Precision:-
- Bikini region
- Fingers and toes
- Lip Area
Tria Beauty Precision Laser Hair Removal with Calming Gel
Chances are that you will experience pain if it’s your first time using a laser hair removal. Since the laser works by penetrating and destroying the follicle which is deep in the skin. This pain can be thought of as a bee sting pain but you shouldn’t be afraid since the results are quite rewarding.
You can use the calming gel with Tria beauty precision laser hair removal device. The gel has been made so that you experience less pain and let the skin recover fast. If you want to know the process and better alternatives to such devices then you can read more about laser hair removal here.
Unisex Tria Beauty Hair Removal
Tria precision comes in two colors: Dove and Blossom. The reason there are these two colors are because even Men use hair removal devices. Men may be comfortable using dove gray while women may be happy using blossom.
Ergonomics plays an important role when using any device that comes in contact with our skin. One of the selling features of Tria Beauty Hair removal is that it has a very narrow head size enabling you to move it around the sensitive body parts very easily. If you used any cheap hair removal devices then you may have noticed how difficult it is to cover sensitive areas.
Check Out: Remington iLight Hair Removal Device Review
Comparison: Tria 4x Vs Tria Beauty Precision
The original Tria 4x was designed keeping in mind the speed with which it use to operate. You could use it across legs, arms and back very quickly. You even had multiple color options and due to its intense speed, it had 4x in the name. While Tria precision has been made for people who use it at more sensitive areas like face, bikini line and underarms. Tria precision has a very narrow treatment window and less color options.
Tria 4x had a battery life of 30 minutes on a single charge while Precision has a battery life of only 15 minutes. In terms of pain, every person has a different threshold for pain and thus it’s very subjective but since Tria precision works on sensitive areas, you may feel more pain compared to tria 4x.
Is Tria the right device for you?
If you are reading the post until here then you are definitely interested in getting rid of the hairs using a laser hair removal device. Tria makes quality devices that are a bit on the costlier side but you can consider it as an investment.
Budget Friendly Hair removal : Though the price of the device may seem a bit expensive but compared to what you may pay for hair removal treatment at a spa or clinic is way too much. There are multiple ways like epilation, waxing and IPL but tria device is a one time go purchase.
People who love taking extra care of their appearance : We know some of us don’t like the hairs we see on unwanted areas and that’s OK. it’s a natural thing so if you want to get rid of those hairs so that you feel more confident about your appearance then there’s nothing wrong about it.
Light or Medium Skin tone : Let us warn you! if your hair and skin color is the same then you should not buy this device as it can be harmful. If however your skin tone is fair to medium tone then you are in for great results. Pay extra attention when using the device at places where you have dark skin spots and tattoos.
Using at delicate areas : You can use the device at areas where you may not be comfortable otherwise like your bikini lines and underarms. Due to its narrow head, you can easily operate the device at sensitive areas of your skin.
10 Best Shampoo For 360 Waves In 2022 (Reviews and Guide)
If you already have 360 waves, or are in the process of getting them, you must be wondering what is a good shampoo that will work for your waves. This type of hair is different compared to normal hair, because you need a specific formula that can keep your waves defined and curled. Following is a list of the top 10 shampoos for 360 waves, followed by a buying guide that will help you pick out the best product for you.
10 Best Shampoo for 360 Waves
1. SheaMoisture Curl and Shine Shampoo
The phthalate and paraben free Curl and Shine shampoo by SheaMoisture is a gentle cleansing formula that nourishes and improves the health of your hair, while also restoring the shine. As the name indicates, it’s a curl enhancing shampoo and it contains coconut oil that moisturizes and protects your hair, while restoring the natural oils of your scalp.
A proprietary blend of ingredients, this shampoo is free of silicones and also contains hibiscus flower extracts. This improves the elasticity of your hair, and reduces the chances of breakage. The formula is very rich and creamy, and leaves you with a frizz free mane with perfectly defined curls and waves.
The product has a pleasant smell and washes out of your hair quite quickly, without leaving any residues. It’s also been formulated in such a way that it is quite easy to spread. Other ingredients in the shampoo that improve the texture of curly hair include shea butter, silk protein, and neem oil.
Having said that, right out of the shower, the product does feel a little heavy and weighs down your hair, but air drying or blow drying should solve that problem. It also doesn’t add much definition to your hair, but it does make them shiny and smooth.
- Phthalate and paraben free
- Give you frizz free curls and waves
- Shea butter and neem oil moisturize the hair
- Weighs down the hair
- Does not add much definition to curly hair
2. Wave Builder’s Shampoo
The Wash in Waves Shampoo by Wave Builder’s comes in a 6.9-ounce pack. If you want to get those elegant and cool waves quickly, this is the product for you. Designed specifically for building 360 waves this shampoo has a super gentle formula which removes and cleanses any product buildup on your textured hair. This leaves your waves clean, refreshed, and prepared for deep moisture treatment.
Every single application of this product forces your hair to develop that particular wave pattern that you so desire. The product is packed full with amino acids and proteins that promote healthy 360 waves. If you are a beginner, you should use this shampoo with the brush wash method and those who have established waves you should use the scramble wash method.
The custom-made product has been developed in house by the company and the whole manufacturing process is overseen by industry experts, so you can rest assured that you are truly getting the best of the best.
- Specifically made for building 360 waves
- Contains amino acids and proteins for wave development
- In house, custom made formula
- Some ingredients may cause bumps and scabs on the scalp
3. SheaMoisture Combination Set
The Manuka Honey and Mafura Oil combination set by SheaMoisture is the only hair care set up that you will need, if you need one for 360 waves. This set contains a shampoo, a hair masque, and a conditioner – a perfect deal for established as well as amateur wavers.
This entire set has been formulated keeping in mind the moisture needs of wavy hair. The formula infuses your head with intense moisture, and reduces the dry and dull appearance of your hair. It also revitalizes the texture and shine of wavy and curly hair. If you struggle with styling product buildup in your 360 waves, this is the Holy Grail product for you, as it gently cleanses and removes all types of gunk from your scalp.
The products also contain natural ingredients like honey, Shea butter, Mafura, and Baobab – all of which restore the natural oils of your scalp. It also contains antioxidant rich African rock fig, rich increases hydration, and strengthens and protects damaged hair from further environmental stresses. You can also use this product for color treated or frizzy hair.
- Contains shampoo, mask, and conditioner
- Intense hydration of damaged hair
- Natural ingredients restore oils of the scalp
- You smell may be a bit overwhelming
4. Maui Moisture Curl Shampoo
The curl shampoo by Maui moisture is a creamy and silky blend of proprietary ingredients like plumeria extract, papaya butter, and rich coconut oil. The formula is completely free of sulfates, and ideal for creating thick 360 waves. For people who have thick and curly hair, this is a holy grail product that will leave your hair looking shiny and healthy.
The coconut oil and papaya butter in this shampoo combine together to detangle and defrizz your curls. It also softens the body of the hair, giving it a shiny and bouncy look. It is infused with aloe vera juices which provide moisture to your hair, giving it that thick and defined body.
The product is completely free of any kinds of silicones, glutens, sulfated surfactants, synthetic dyes, and mineral oils. Having said that, because of the high moisture content, this formula is not well suited for low porosity hair, as it may lead to weighing down such a type of hair.
- Contains coconut oil and papaya butter
- Does not contain silicones, parabens, or glutens
- Gives your hair a thick and defined body
- Not suitable for low porosity hair
5. Sun Bum Curls & Waves Shampoo
The Curl and Waves Shampoo by Sun Bum is a combination of ingredients that gently cleanse and moisturizer hair while infusing intense moisture into the strands. It’s a special vegan blend which uses monoi coconut oil and kukui nut oil to give definition and body to every curl and wave in your hair.
As the name indicates, this formula also protects your hair from the damaging UV rays of the sun. As a result, it prevents your hair from becoming dull, frizzy, discolored, and brittle over time. It also contains seaweed protein which strengthens your hair over time. It’s also a completely gluten free formula, and is perfectly suited for creating those perfect 360 curves that you always wanted.
Having said that, this formula is not well suited for dull and damaged hair. The intense hydration that is needed by such hair cannot be expected from this product.
- Contains coconut oil and kukui nut oil
- Protects hair from sun damage
- Completely gluten free formula
- Seaweed routine strengthens her over time
- Not suited for extremely damaged and dull hair
6. Nexxus Shampoo
With its powerful protein infusion, the Nexxus Keraphix Shampoo is ideal for people who have dry hair and want those perfect 360 waves. If you are just starting out with 360 waves, you must be struggling with dry hair and this shampoo is the perfect solution for your problems.
Indeed, the shampoo has been crafted using leading edge research technology called proteomics which infuses it with keratin. This salon style treatment method increases the resilience of your hair and repairs your hair fibers from within.
It also has black rice which helps in healing the signs of damaged hair, leaving you with luminous, and silky hair. It does so by smoothing down the hair cells that overlap to form the strand. It also helps in gently cleansing any gunk buildup from styling products.
The formulation of this shampoo is so good that you will start noticing visible changes within two weeks. It also has a faint coconut smell that is pleasant without being overbearing.
- Extremely nourishing for damaged hair
- Salon style keratin treatment
- Heals and smoothes hair cells
- Does leave some waxy and oily residue after usage
7. OGX Nourishing Coconut Milk Shampoo
The OGX shampoo works quite well for all types of hair, but it is especially suited for people who love coconut extracts in their shampoo. If you want or already have 360 waves but want the nourishment of coconut, this is the right product for you.
The shampoo contains coconut milk, coconut oil, and whipped egg white proteins which give it the ability to add hydration, elasticity, and strength to your hair. It’s a luxurious and creamy formula that leaves your hair feeling soft, glowing, and moisturized. It does not contain any parabens or sulfates and nourishes the strands from root to tip.
The scent is quite subtle and pleasant as well. You can use this shampoo for fine hair, frizzy hair, straight hair, as well as oily hair. The hydrating cream from coconut restores shine to all types of hair.
- Contains benefits of coconut extracts
- Adds extra hydration and improves elasticity of hair
- Does not contains parabens or sulfates
- Not formulated specifically for curly hair
8. Alberto VO5 Shampoo
For people who have thin hair and want 360 days, this is the perfect shampoo. It is essentially a clarifying shampoo and it will give you lovely locks all around the year, no matter what the weather. It also helps remove product buildup on your scalp.
The kwi and lime formula of the shampoo also helps prevent buildup of oil on the scalp. If you have an oily scalp and want 360 waves, then you know the struggle of flat and dull looking hair. Since this is a clarifying shampoo, it will get rid of all the gunk buildup that happens throughout the day. And since this is a mild formula, you can even use it every day without any dryness or frizziness.
The silky formula also helps revitalize damaged and dry hair, because lime and kiwi help moisturize your hair. After a single use, you will be able to feel the difference and you’ll notice that your hair is left feeling softer and silkier after using this shampoo. The shampoo also works very well for getting those perfect 360 waves for individuals who have thin and fine hair.
- Clarifying shampoo
- Prevents product buildup
- Removes oil from the scalp
- Revitalizes dry and damaged hair
- Not suitable for very thick, coarse hair
9. Garnier Fructis Shampoo
If you have if you have thick hair and want to get those lovely 360 waves, this Garnier Hair Care Sleek and Shine Shampoo is the right product for you. It works on your scalp without messing up the waves, and instead keeps your curls soft and defined. It also lathers really well and will not wash out your waves. Hence, it is the best wave builder shampoo for people who struggle with managing thick hair while also keeping the waves defined, this shampoo is a holy grail find.
It has a fortifying formula that is completely paraben free and leaves your hair feeling sleek and shiny. The oil control formula of the shampoo also prevents buildup of oils for up to three days. It is infused with argan oil from Morocco which acts as a leave-in conditioning cream and further strengthens your hair.
The shampoo also contains active fruit protein, which is a combination of citrus proteins, fruit and plant derived extracts, and vitamin B3 and B6 – all of which help in giving you healthier and stronger hair.
- Does not mess up the waves
- Prevents oil buildup
- Argan oil act says leave in conditioner
- Fruit and plant extracts strengthen the hair
- The scent is a bit strong and may be overpowering for some people.
10. Head and Shoulders Shampoo
The two in one shampoo and conditioner combination by head and shoulders is a great set for those of you who want to keep their 360 waves looking good but do not have a lot of cash to fork over. The product works very well for all types of hair and does not cost a lot. This product also works as a best moisturizer for 360 waves.
You also get a ton of product in the bottle, so it will last you a long time. The product also has anti dandruff properties that prevent flaking of scalp and keep your hair hydrated and clean. For those of you who have sensitive skin that gets easily irritated by wave brushes – the kind that you need to use for maintaining your waves – this product will help you immensely, because it prevents itching and dryness of the scalp.
The shampoo and conditioner also helps nourish the scalp and hair and comes with a variety of natural ingredients like tea tree oil, almond oil, and lemon extract, and peppermint.
- Prevents flaking and itching of scalp
- Has anti dandruff properties
- Quite affordable
- Not great for dry and damaged hair
Signs That It’s Time To Seek Out Rehabilitation
In order to overcome addiction, it is important to seek out rehabilitation. Rehabilitation can provide individuals with the tools they need to overcome addiction and live a healthy life. There are many different types of rehabilitation programs available, so it is important to find the one that is right for you. Keep reading to learn more about the signs that it is time to seek out rehabilitation, such as by searching for drug rehab in Arizona.
There are physical signs that it is time to seek out drug rehabilitation. If you are experiencing any of these signs, it is important to seek help immediately.
- Changes in appearance. One of the most common physical signs of drug addiction is a change in appearance. Drugs can take a toll on the body, and you may start to notice that the person is losing weight, has circles under their eyes, or is pale.
- Changes in physical health. Drugs can also have a negative impact on physical health. The person may start to experience problems with their heart, lungs, or brain. They may also have trouble sleeping or eat less than usual.
- Tolerance or withdrawal. If the person has developed a tolerance to drugs, or if they are experiencing withdrawal symptoms, this is a sign that they are addicted. Tolerance means that the person needs more and more of the drug to get the same effect, and withdrawal symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and shaking.
If you’re worried that you, or someone you know, has a problem with drugs or alcohol, it can be difficult to know what to do next, but there are some physical signs that can indicate that it’s time to seek professional help.
There are a number of behavioral signs that may indicate that it’s time to seek out rehabilitation. If you are experiencing any of the following, it may be time to seek help: You are neglecting your responsibilities because of your substance abuse. You are using substances in dangerous ways or in situations where it is likely to lead to dangerous consequences. You are continuing to use substances despite experiencing negative consequences as a result of your use. You are having difficulty controlling your use of substances.
Rehabilitation can provide you with the tools and resources you need to overcome your addiction and live a healthier life. Don’t wait until your addiction has taken control of your life—seek help today.
If you are wondering if it is time to seek out rehabilitation, there are a few psychological signs you can look out for. One sign is if you are using drugs or alcohol to cope with stress or other negative emotions. If you find yourself needing to use more and more of a substance to achieve the desired effect, this is also a sign that you should seek help. Another sign is if you are isolating yourself from friends and family. If you feel like you can’t talk to anyone about your problems, this is a big sign that you need professional help. Finally, if you are experiencing mood swings or feeling depressed or anxious, this is also a sign that you should seek rehabilitation.
There can be many signs that it is time to seek out rehabilitation. Some signs may be physical, such as an increase in alcohol or drug use, while others may be behavioral, such as isolation from friends and family. If someone is experiencing any of these signs, it is important to seek out help from a qualified professional. Rehabilitation can provide the necessary support and resources to overcome addiction and return to a healthy, fulfilling life.
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