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Aerospace electrified by new technology

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From a small office overlooking an airfield, once home to the UK’s first Spitfire squadron, a tiny British start-up is hoping to make a little history of its own – as one of the pioneers of Aerospace electrified aviation.

Faradair is planning to develop and sell a hybrid-electric passenger plane, aimed at the regional aviation market. It would have up to 19 seats and would be propelled by a fan driven by an electric motor. The necessary electricity would be provided by a small gas turbine.

In order to provide extra lift, and allow take-offs and landings from short runways, it would also have a triple level wing. This would give it a passing resemblance to a World War One fighter, despite having state-of-the-art aerodynamics.

The company’s chief executive, Neil Cloughley, argues that such a plane would have far fewer moving parts than a conventional propeller aircraft, making it cheaper to run. It would also be much quieter, and produce fewer emissions.

“Why do we not use aeroplanes like we would a bus?” he asks.

“The reason is cost of operation, primarily. Also if you start using lots of aeroplanes it creates a lot of noise, and of course we have now got into an age where sustainability really is a key part of our future.”So we decided we would come up with an aircraft that would not only be economic to use, and therefore cost-effective, but would also be quiet and sustainable.”

The Faradair design, he says, would allow short hops between cities such as London and Manchester for £25 each way – less than the cost of a rail ticket.

In more remote or inaccessible regions, meanwhile, such planes could provide a transport lifeline from small airstrips, avoiding the need for major investments in road or rail lines.

It plans to have the aircraft flying by 2025 with commercial use starting in 2027.

Faradair is far from alone in seeing the potential of electric aviation, at a time when governments around the world are searching for ways to reduce carbon emissions. Nor is its project the most ambitious.

California-based start-up Wright Electric, for example, plans to bring a fully-electric 100-seat aircraft into service by the middle of the decade. It would be based on the existing Bae146, with its four turbofan engines replaced by electric motors.

The company, which has a partnership with Easyjet, says the aircraft would be used to carry out one-hour flights, allowing it to serve routes such as London-Paris, New York-Washington or Hong Kong-Taipei.

However, in testing, the plane will run as a hybrid. Initially just one of the four engines will be replaced by an electric motor, with others following if the tests are successful.

According to Wright Electric’s chief executive, Jeffrey Engler, potential customers think this is a good approach and one they could also follow when the aircraft enters production.

“When we spoke to the airlines, they said, ‘Well why don’t you go hybrid initially, instead of full electric from the start?’” he explains.

“Just like the car industry started with hybrids as well. So that’s something we’re looking into.”

The main reason electrifying aircraft is so difficult is that even the best batteries contain far less energy per kilogram than traditional aviation fuels, making them much too heavy to power an airliner over long distances.

“The specific energy of today’s batteries is far from what you would need,” explains Dr Andreas Strohmayer, head of the University of Stuttgart’s Institute of Aircraft Design.

The Institute has been researching the potential of electric and hybrid aviation since the mid-1990s, and first flew its own experimental two-seater electric plane, the e-Genius, more than a decade ago.

“We build our own battery systems for our electric aircraft,” he explains

“We are getting in the region of 200 watt [hours] per kilogram, where we would need 1,000 or 1,500. So we are far from what we would need for a large aircraft.”

His view is that small, light electric aircraft, of up to six seats can be built with today’s technology.

He also believes it should be possible to build a larger commuter aircraft, with up to 19 seats while still relying purely on battery power, though it would be “at the edge of what is currently possible”.

The Alice, a nine-seater plane being developed by Israeli firm Eviation, would fit into this category. The aircraft, which has been under development for several years, has been designed to fly up to 600 miles, purely on electric power.

Anything larger, meanwhile, would need to be a hybrid, combining electric motors with conventional engines or on-board generators.

For Dr Strohmayer the potential is there for both types of aircraft to create new aviation networks, with small all-electric planes delivering passengers on short hops from local airfields to regional hubs. There, larger hybrid aircraft would be available to carry them on journeys of up to 500km.

“It would be a denser aviation network,” he explains.

“It would be of most use in regions like Scandinavia or in mountainous areas, where you can’t really just build networks of high-speed railways.

“There are places like Indonesia, Polynesia, where you have all these islands that have to be connected. There are places in the world where such networks are desperately needed.”

Eviation is planning its first test flights of Alice this summer.

But such technology is unlikely to be much use over long-distance routes and that may explain why the European aerospace giant Airbus has decided its own priorities lie elsewhere.

In 2017, the company began developing a prototype hybrid plane, the E-Fan X, in partnership with Rolls-Royce and Siemens. Like Wright Electric’s project, it was based on the existing Bae146.

But three years later, the programme was cancelled. Dr Sandra Bour-Schaeffer, the chief executive of Airbus Upnext, the division responsible for researching new technologies, thinks it was the right decision.

“Our focus is to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050,” she says. “In order to achieve that we need to look at two different technologies, associated with different time horizons.”

In the short term, to reduce emissions, the company is focusing on using sustainable aviation fuels made from renewable sources and waste.

Beyond that, Airbus has its sights fixed firmly on using hydrogen to power a new generation of clean aircraft.

“Our ambition is to bring the first zero-emission commercial aircraft based on hydrogen to the market in 2035,” she explains.

“I already have teams working on cryogenic and superconducting technologies. We are already exploring what will come next.”

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Who makes Barracuda Garbage Disposals?

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Who makes Barracuda Garbage Disposals?

A garbage disposal is an electric device fixed under the kitchen sink. Its function is to break down the waste matter flowing down the sink into extremely fine particles which can easily pass through the sewage pipes. It is a helpful tool that makes some daily kitchen chores easier for you. Many companies make garbage disposals in the world. You can find a large variety of good-quality garbage disposals. In this article, I will try to answer the question, “who makes the Barracuda garbage disposals?”

Barracuda is a private-label brand of garbage disposals which is owned by Anaheim Manufacturing Co. This company also makes other Best Garbage Disposals for Small Families including the Waste King and Insinkerator disposals. These garbage disposals are made overseas. Then they are imported by Anaheim which then supplies them along with other brands. Anaheim also makes other brands e.g. GE which is a well-acclaimed brand.

Pocket-friendly products:

Barracuda offers pocket-friendly garbage disposals. They are not as costly as other disposals available in the market under more popular brand names. Their products vary in price, size, warranty, and several features. But almost allBarracuda garbage disposals are good for the money.

Different Barracuda garbage disposals:

Currently, Barracuda offers 4 different garbage disposal models in the market. These 4 disposals are different from one another in their price, size, warranty, and several other features. Let’s discuss briefly each one of these four disposals;

Barracuda 1/3 HP Builder

It has a fast and powerful motor providing 1/3 horsepower helping you get rid of everyday kitchen waste. One of its prominent features is its noise insulation technology. Often, the compact units are quite loud. But the Builder model has advanced technology keeping it quiet when used. Cold rolled steel and stainless steel make most of its body. Hence it is prevented from corrosion for a long time.

It has a continuous feed system. Several units having been reported to drain slowly after installation is a bad thing about this disposal. But still, it is a likable product because it works well and is easy to install. The model being ADA and CEC compliant and its gorgeous modern design are some other desirable features.

Barracuda ¾ HP Deluxe:

This model is costlier than others. It has a larger design as well. But it also comes with the longest warranty offering up to 10 years of warranty. It comes with a removable splash guard. As already mentioned, it is the most expensive of all 4 Barracuda models and has a bulkier design occupying more storage space. But at the same time, it has an advanced insulated sound shell for a quiet experience. Stainless steel makes its grinding system and turntable material.

Barracuda ½ HP Economy:

It has a ½ horsepower motor and a continuous feeder system. Its grinding system is made of cold-rolled steel while the turntable material is made of stainless steel. It comes with a compact size, a 2-year warranty, an already attached power cord. The cause of concern is that several purchasers have reported that their unit has leaked and they had to reinstall the unit which was a bit of a struggle.

Barracuda ½ HP Mid Duty:

Being the largest of the four, it is an ideal disposal for anyone having a larger sink storage space. Its competitive price and high-quality features make it the most popular model of all four. It comes with a removable splash guard and an advanced insulated sound shell. Draining issues due to the removable splash guard and its large size are its downsides. On the other hand, the grinding system and turntable material are made of stainless steel.

That was some brief information about the Barracuda Garbage Disposals. I hope you find it useful. Take care!

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China carried out massive cyberattack operation on Ukraine – report

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China carried out massive cyberattack operation on Ukraine - report

Ukraine’s security service claimed China coordinated thousands of cyberattacks and hacking attempts on official Ukrainian government sites.

China launched a massive cyber operation against the Ukrainian military and its nuclear facilities before Russia began its invasion, according to UK intelligence reports obtained by The Times.

The British reports were backed up by Ukraine’s national security service, the SBU, which claimed China coordinated thousands of cyberattacks and hacking attempts on official Ukrainian government sites.

Some of the sites targeted include over 600 websites belonging to Kyiv’s defense ministry, a statement released by SBU claimed.

China’s goal in the attacks was to steal data and explore ways to shut down Ukrainian defenses and civilian infrastructure, the SBU further claimed.

The attacks, which allegedly began prior to the end of the Winter Olympics in Beijing, peaked on February 23. Russian forces invaded Ukraine 24 hours later.

The SBU stated it is confident in its attribution of the attacks to China due to the “trademark tools and methods” used by the Chinese military’s cyber units.

Responding to SBU’s claims, the UK’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) told The Times that it is “investigating these allegations with our international partners.”

Intelligence reports from the US indicate that the information gathered by British and Ukrainian intelligence is accurate, the report also stated.

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Israel News Does Netanyahu have a Donald Trump problem?

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Israel News Does Netanyahu have a Donald Trump problem?

DIPLOMATIC AFFAIRS: With Kushner’s new book portraying the Netanyahu-Trump relationship as not as rosy as it once had seemed, the former US president may no longer be an asset to the Likud campaign.

Israel News :For opposition leader Benjamin Netanyahu, 2019 was a simpler time. He was still prime minister after a decade in office, and it seemed inevitable that he would remain that way after the election set for March of that year. Every poll indicated a clear-cut right-wing majority in the Knesset. There had never been two elections in a row without any government formed in between, let alone three.

The campaign was simpler, as well. There was no global pandemic or Russian invasion of Ukraine and subsequent supply chain disruptions and inflation messing up the economy. Netanyahu could campaign as Mr. Security, as always, and this time, he had a not-so-secret weapon, then-president of the US Donald Trump. After all, Netanyahu and Trump made sure everyone knew that they were best buddies; no Israeli prime minister had ever worked so closely with a US president, and no president had ever been so pro-Israel, was the message.

As such, Trump featured prominently in the Likud campaign. He was with Netanyahu on billboards in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, proclaiming that the latter is in “another league.” He was featured in Likud campaign videos, as well, declaring US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

Fast-forward to 2022. Israel is on the way to a fifth election in less than four years. Netanyahu is no longer running from the position of strength in the Prime Minister’s Residence on Jerusalem’s Balfour Street. Israel’s economy is doing relatively well compared to others in the OECD, but it has been bruised by the pandemic and war in Ukraine, and prices are sharply rising.

And the honeymoon with Trump is long over.

With former senior adviser to the US president Jared Kushner strategically distributing unflattering excerpts from his highly anticipated Breaking History: A White House Memoir to the media, it is no longer clear whether Trump is an asset or a hindrance to Netanyahu.

For nearly a year, it seemed that the Netanyahu-Trump bromance was over because Netanyahu congratulated President Joe Biden on his election win in 2020. That was the reason Trump said “f*** him” to Israeli journalist Barak Ravid; Trump falsely claimed Netanyahu was one of the first to celebrate Biden’s win, and made it clear he felt personally betrayed.

That was easily excusable from Netanyahu’s end. Netanyahu waited until the morning after the election was called for Biden, facing criticism from some of the Israeli media for the delay. And the US-Israel relationship is too important to snub the president, even if it was clear to all that Netanyahu would have liked Trump to win.

But now the story is not about Trump’s election denial and bruised ego; it’s about strategic decisions relating to Israel’s future, its security and its strategic alliance with the US.

Trump, Netanyahu, annexation and Palestinians

Trump presented his peace plan on January 28, 2020. In brief, the plan included Israel extending its sovereignty – annexation – over the parts of the West Bank in which Israelis already live, plus the entire Jordan Valley, which would serve as a security buffer. The rest would be reserved for the Palestinians, which would have a four-year period to develop into a democratic society before the US would support statehood.

Netanyahu announced in his speech in the White House that Trump “became the first world leader to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over areas in Judea and Samaria” and that “Israel will apply its laws to the Jordan Valley, [and] to all the Jewish communities in Judea and Samaria.”

This angered Trump and Kushner, who expected Israel to annex only along with steps advancing Palestinian statehood. Trump also said he felt “dirty” because “Bibi gave a campaign speech,” Kushner wrote.

In the ensuing hours, Netanyahu’s spokesman tweeted that they would annex the relevant parts of the West Bank within days, and Netanyahu and then-ambassador to the US Ron Dermer confirmed that to the Israeli press gathered at Blair House. The US ambassador to Israel at the time, David Friedman, said Israel can start work toward annexation the moment it completes its internal process, which, together with the statements from Netanyahu’s side, was taken to mean a cabinet vote five days later.

“As it turned out, Friedman had assured Bibi that he would get the White House to support annexation more immediately. He had not conveyed this to me or anyone on my team,” Kushner wrote.

“As it turned out, Friedman had assured Bibi that he would get the White House to support annexation more immediately. He had not conveyed this to me or anyone on my team.”

Jared Kushner

Friedman described a “difficult and unpleasant meeting” with Kushner and Netanyahu in his book, Sledgehammer, released earlier this year. Kushner said a joint US-Israeli committee has to map out the territory first. Netanyahu said the Jordan Valley didn’t need more mapping. Kushner said “we never discussed that.”

“Everyone was telling the truth,” Friedman wrote.

Friedman and Netanyahu walked back their earlier statements, but days later, Trump was still “fuming” and considered endorsing now-Defense Minister Benny Gantz, Kushner wrote.

When Netanyahu and Dermer pushed to rush annexation, Kushner said, he gave the ambassador the following speech: “Don’t take us for granted. We worked our asses off for three years to get to this point. For the first time, Israel has the moral high ground. You’re offering the Palestinians a state and a map that Arab countries actually support as a starting point for negotiations. But now it’s all screwed up. You guys think you have been so effective with this administration. I hate to break the reality to you, but we didn’t do any of these things because you convinced us to. We did them because we believe they were the right things to do.”

“Don’t take us for granted. We worked our asses off for three years to get to this point. For the first time, Israel has the moral high ground. You’re offering the Palestinians a state and a map that Arab countries actually support as a starting point for negotiations. But now it’s all screwed up. You guys think you have been so effective with this administration. I hate to break the reality to you, but we didn’t do any of these things because you convinced us to. We did them because we believe they were the right things to do.”

Jared Kushner

Once the mapping process was completed, Kushner and then-special representative for international negotiations Avi Berkowitz would not give Netanyahu the green light to proceed with sovereignty moves, because the prime minister would not offer any concessions to the Palestinians. Friedman wrote of Netanyahu agreeing to a moratorium on Israeli construction in the areas of the West Bank that were not within the sovereignty map, but Kushner seems to have thought so little of that idea that he did not even mention it in his nearly 500-page book.

Kushner and Berkowitz were so frustrated and so concerned that Netanyahu might unilaterally declare annexation that they said they would not protect Israel from the inevitable backlash, threatening that “there was no guarantee that our administration would block the international sanctions against Israel that might follow.”

The book also describes Netanyahu as being difficult in the Abraham Accords process. Netanyahu twice almost gave up on the accords.

At one point, Netanyahu said he would drop annexation plans only if three Arab countries normalized ties with Israel.

“Remind him that he doesn’t have annexation without us,” Kushner said.

Another time, Netanyahu almost called off the Abraham Accords because a bill banning someone indicted of crimes from becoming prime minister was heading to a vote to the Knesset, and he was ready to call an election to stop it from becoming law.

“I know Bibi will put what’s best for Israel before his political situation,” Kushner said he hold Dermer. “We’ve come too far; we’re so close. This deal is happening.”

Trump and Netanyahu: A far less rosy picture in reality

ALL OF this adds up to a much less rosy picture than what Netanyahu would like of his relationship with Trump, who was exceedingly popular in Israel during his presidency – though there have not been polls since Trump left office.

Netanyahu sent a response to The Jerusalem Post on Thursday unequivocally denying that he surprised Kushner and Trump by announcing that he planned to extend Israeli sovereignty to 30% of Judea and Samaria.

Trump and Netanyahu exchanged letters, Netanyahu said via a spokesman. Trump’s letter said the US would support a declaration of sovereignty, and Netanyahu’s response said he would move forward with that declaration “in the coming days.” The spokesman would not provide copies of the letters.

The spokesman also pointed out that Trump said in his speech that the US and Israel “will form a joint committee with Israel to convert the conceptual map into a more detailed and calibrated rendering so that recognition can be immediately achieved” (emphasis added).

Trump also said that “the United States will recognize Israeli sovereignty over the territory that my vision provides to be part of the State of Israel. Very important.”

Netanyahu’s denial is interesting not only for the factual record, but because it indicates that he is likely to continue to maintain that he and Trump have a good relationship.

It seems the prime minister will not adopt his Obama-era tactic of saying that he is tough enough to stand up even to Israel’s most important ally if he needs to. When it comes to Trump, he could theoretically add that he is willing to go head-to-head even with the president that he worked with best to eke out an advantage for Israel.

Instead, Netanyahu is saying that he and Trump were, in fact, in sync. And that is wise, since Trump is still considering a 2024 run, which means he and Netanyahu can overlap as leaders of their respective countries again, plus Netanyahu’s base probably still likes the former president.

Still, the Netanyahu-Trump lovefest balloon has been dramatically punctured. The Likud campaign will find other ways to say Netanyahu is in “another league” without splashing his face next to Trump’s across tall buildings before the election in November. •

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